On This Day...

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22.10.2013, 18:23

On This Day...

Quite simple really,Historical events on this dayBig Grin

1964, Sandie Shaw had her first UK No.1 single with the Burt Bacharach song '(There's) Always Some Thing There To Remind Me'.
1964, The Who, then known as The High Numbers, receive a letter from EMI Records, asking them for original material after their recent audition for the company.

1966, The Supremes became the first female group to have a No.1 album on the US char whith 'The Supremes a Go Go', knocking The Beatles 'Revolver', from the top of the charts. 
1966, The Beach Boys ‘Good Vibrations’ made its debut on the US singles chart. Written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love, the track was recorded over 6 weeks in four different Los Angeles studios, at a cost of over $16,000. The recording engineer would later say that the last take sounded exactly like the first, six months earlier. The record would reach No.1 on the US charts in December 1966. 

1969, American singer Tommy Edwards died after suffering a brain aneurysm in Henrico County, Virginia, at the age of 47. Had the 1958 US & UK No.1 single 'It's All In The Game'.
1969, Paul McCartney publicly denied rumors that he was dead. The most recent of many "clues" of this Death Hoax was the fact that he was the only barefoot Beatle on the newly released 'Abby Road' LP cover. The story was actually started as a prank by Fred La Bour, a sports and arts writer for the student paper, The Michigan Daily at the University of Michigan.
1969, Led Zeppelin II was released on Atlantic Records in the UK. The Jimmy Page-produced album which was recorded over six months between four European and three American tours, peaked at No.1 in both the UK and US, going on to sell over 12 million copies in the US alone, (and spending 138 weeks on the UK chart). The album is now recognised by writers and music critics as one of the greatest and most influential rock albums ever recorded.

1986, Jane Dornacker was killed in a helicopter crash during a live traffic report for WNBC radio in New York. Listeners heard the terrified voice of Dornacker screaming "Hit the water, hit the water’ as the helicopter from which she and pilot Bill Pate were reporting, fell from the sky and crashed into the Hudson River. Dornacker had been a member of The Tubes and Leila And The Snakes.

1988, Phil Collins started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with 'Groovy Kind Of Love', his 6th US No.1. 
1988, U2 scored their fourth UK No.1 album with the double set and film soundtrack 'Rattle And Hum', featuring their first UK No.1 single 'Desire'. 

1989, English folk singer, songwriter, poet, and record producer Ewan MacColl died aged 74. He wrote 'Dirty Old Town' and 'The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face', (became a No.1 hit for Roberta Flack in 1972). Acts including Planxty, The Dubliners, Elvis Presley and Johnny Cash recorded his songs. He was the father of singer, songwriter Kirsty MacColl.

1990, Pearl Jam played their first ever concert when they appeared at the Off Ramp in Seattle. 

1993, Oasis signed a six-album deal with Creation Records for a £40,000 advance. 1996, It was announced that, "The Beatles were now bigger than The Beatles". The statement was based on sales so far this year, having sold 6,000,000 albums from their back catalog and a combined total of 13,000,000 copies of ‘The Beatles Anthology 1’ and ‘The Beatles Anthology 2’. With the release of ‘The Beatles Anthology 3’ a week away, it was anticipated that total Beatles album sales for 1996 would exceed 20 million. A poll showed 41 percent of sales were to teenagers who were not born when The Beatles officially called it quits in 1970. 

1999, it was reported that Sinead O'Connor was attempting to buy the church where she was ordained into the Catholic sisterhood. The church was on the market for £70,000. 

2000, George Michael paid £1.45m for the Steinway piano on which John Lennon wrote 'Imagine.' George said, "I know that when my fingers touch the keys of that Steinway, I will feel truly blessed. And parting with my money has never been much of a problem, just ask my accountant." The singer outbid Robbie Williams and The Oasis brothers.
 2000, Pearl Jam appeared at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, California, celebrating the tenth anniversary of their first live performance as a band.

2003, Elliot Smith, US singer songwriter, committed suicide aged 34. One time member of Stranger Than Fiction, solo 1997 album 'Either/Or'.

2005, Waterloo by Abba was voted the best song in the history of the Eurovision Song Contest. Viewers in 31 countries across Europe voted during a special show in Copenhagen to celebrate the annual event's 50th birthday. 

2008, A homeless man claimed a £2,000 reward by returning a waxwork head of ex-Beatle Sir Paul McCartney which had been left on a train. Anthony Silva found the item in a bin at Reading station after auctioneer Joby Carter left it under a seat at Maidenhead station. The homeless man thought it was a Halloween mask and had been using it as a pillow before realising what it was. The wax model sold the following week for £5,500 at auction.

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Yesterday, 18:51

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Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph) ...

On February 19, 1878, Thomas Edison was granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph).

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Perhaps it wasn’t the first device created to record sound, but it was the only one able to play it
back, using phonographic cylinders covered with tinfoil, that later were improvement by other inventors.

17.02.2018, 17:17

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Kasparov defeats chess-playing computer ...

On this day in the final game of a six-game match, world chess champion Garry Kasparov triumphs over
Deep Blue, IBM’s chess-playing computer, and wins the match, 4-2. However, Deep Blue goes on to defeat
Kasparov in a heavily publicized rematch the following year.

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Garry Kasparov, considered one of the greatest players in the history of chess, was born April 13, 1963,
in the Russian republic of Azerbaijan. In 1985, at 22, Kasparov became the youngest world champion in
history when he defeated Anatoly Karpov.

16.02.2018, 15:09

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Archaeologist opens tomb of King Tut ...

On this day in 1923, in Thebes, Egypt, English archaeologist Howard Carter enters the sealed burial
chamber of the ancient Egyptian ruler King Tutankhamen.

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When Carter arrived in Egypt in 1891, he became convinced there was at least one undiscovered tomb–that
of the little known Tutankhamen, or King Tut, who lived around 1400 B.C. and died when he was still a
teenager. Backed by a rich Brit, Lord Carnarvon, Carter searched for five years without success. In early 1922,
Lord Carnarvon wanted to call off the search, but Carter convinced him to hold on one more year.

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14.02.2018, 16:20

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St. Valentine beheaded ...

On February 14 around the year 278A.D., Valentine, a holy priest in Rome in the days of Emperor Claudius II, was executed.

Under the rule of Claudius the Cruel, Rome was involved in many unpopular and bloody campaigns. The emperor had to maintain
a strong army, but was having a difficult time getting soldiers to join his military leagues. Claudius believed that Roman men were
unwilling to join the army because of their strong attachment to their wives and families. To get rid of the problem, Claudius banned
all marriages and engagements in Rome. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform
marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death. Valentine
was arrested and dragged before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be beaten to death with clubs and to have his head
cut off. The sentence was carried out on February 14, on or about the year 270.

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Legend also has it that while in jail, St. Valentine left a farewell note for the jailer’s daughter, who had become his friend, and signed
it “From Your Valentine.” For his great service, Valentine was named a saint after his death. In truth, the exact origins and identity
of St. Valentine are unclear. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, “At least three different Saint Valentines, all of them martyrs,
are mentioned in the early martyrologies under the date of 14 February.” One was a priest in Rome, the second one was a bishop
of Interamna (now Terni, Italy) and the third St. Valentine was a martyr in the Roman province of Africa. Legends vary on how the
martyr’s name became connected with romance. The date of his death may have become mingled with the Feast of Lupercalia, a
pagan festival of love. On these occasions, the names of young women were placed in a box, from which they were drawn by the
men as chance directed. In 496 AD, Pope Gelasius decided to put an end to the Feast of Lupercalia, and he declared that February 14
be celebrated as St Valentine’s Day.

Gradually, February 14 became a date for exchanging love messages, poems and simple gifts such as flowers. [hidden link - please register]

02.02.2018, 17:03

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First Groundhog Day ...

On this day in 1887, Groundhog Day, featuring a rodent meteorologist, is celebrated
for the first time at Gobbler’s Knob in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania.

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According to tradition, if a groundhog comes out of its hole on this day and sees its
shadow, it gets scared and runs back into its burrow, predicting six more weeks of
winter weather; no shadow means an early spring.

29.01.2018, 15:27

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The first automobile ...

On January 29, 1886, Carl Benz applied for a patent for his “vehicle powered by a gas engine.”

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The patent – number 37435 – may be regarded as the birth certificate of the automobile. In July 1886
the newspapers reported on the first public outing of the three-wheeled Benz Patent Motor Car, model no. 1.

27.01.2018, 18:51

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National Geographic Society founded ...

On January 27, 1888, the National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C., for “the
increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge.”

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The 33 men who originally met and formed the National Geographic Society were a diverse group
of geographers, explorers, teachers, lawyers, cartographers, military officers and financiers.

25.01.2018, 16:26

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World’s largest diamond found ...

On January 25, 1905, at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa, a 3,106-carat diamond is discovered during a routine
inspection by the mine’s superintendent.

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Weighing 1.33 pounds, and christened the “Cullinan,” it was the largest diamond ever found.

24.01.2018, 15:27

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First canned beer goes on sale ...

Canned beer makes its debut on this day in 1935. In partnership with the American Can Company,
the Gottfried Krueger Brewing Company delivered 2,000 cans of Krueger’s Finest Beer and Krueger’s
Cream Ale to faithful Krueger drinkers in Richmond, Virginia.

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Ninety-one percent of the drinkers approved of the canned beer, driving Krueger to give the green light
to further production. The purchase of cans, unlike bottles, did not require the consumer to pay a deposit.
Cans were also easier to stack, more durable and took less time to chill.

22.01.2018, 15:12

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" Bloody Sunday " in Russia ...

Well on its way to losing a war against Japan in the Far East, czarist Russia is wracked with
internal discontent that finally explodes into violence in St. Petersburg in what will become
known as the Bloody Sunday Massacre.

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On January 22, 1905, a group of workers led by the radical priest Georgy Apollonovich Gapon
marched to the czar’s Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to make their demands. Imperial forces
opened fire on the demonstrators, killing and wounding hundreds. Strikes and riots broke out
throughout the country in outraged response to the massacre.

17.01.2018, 16:34

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Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S) ...

On this day, January 17, in 1773, Captain James Cook’s ship Resolution unwittingly became the first one to cross the
Antarctic Circle, and the first ship to ever sail that far south.

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Still not finding the rumored continent, Cook ordered further exploration of the area, sailing where the ice allowed passage
and spending the icy winters in New Zealand. Finally encountering a solid wall of ice blocking his path, he concluded the
continent as was envisioned did not exist, and turned back for England. [hidden link - please register]

16.01.2018, 17:51

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The "Dry law" in the US ...

The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the “manufacture, sale, or transportation
of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes,” is ratified on this day in 1919 and becomes the law of the land.

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The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Americans
concerned about the adverse effects of drinking began forming temperance societies. By the late
19th century, these groups had become a powerful political force, campaigning on the state level
and calling for total national abstinence.

15.01.2018, 15:07

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Happy birthday Wikipedia!

Seventeen years ago today, on January 15th, 2001, Wikipedia was founded by two internet pioneers,
Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, although neither had any idea how ambitious their online encyclopedia
would become. Today Wikipedia is the tenth most popular website in the world, with versions available
in some 280 languages containing around 35m articles.

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Like the ancient library of Alexandria and Denis Diderot’s encyclopedia published during the Enlightenment,
Wikipedia is an ever-evolving manifestation of its creators’ desire to preserve and compile knowledge.

11.01.2018, 16:17

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Grand Canyon National Monument is created ...

On January 11, 1908, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt declares the massive
Grand Canyon in northwestern Arizona a national monument.

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Though Native Americans lived in the area as early as the 13th century, the first European
sighting of the canyon wasn’t until 1540, by members of an expedition headed by the
Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado.

“The ages had been at work on it, and man can only mar it,” - President Theodore Roosevelt